al-Qaeda is a global militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in Peshawar (Pakistan) sometime between August 1988 and late 1989. It operates as a network comprising both a multinational, stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad and a strict interpretation of sharia law. It has been designated a terrorist organization by the United States, the United Kingdom, various other countries, the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, and NATO. Al-Qaeda has attacked civilian and military targets in various countries, such as the September 11 attacks, 1998 US embassy bombings and 2002 Bali bombings. The US government responded by launching the War on Terror. Al-Qaeda has continued to exist and grow through the decade from 2001 to 2011. With the loss of key leaders culminating with the death
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