Ramnidhi Gupta (Bengali: রামনিধি গুপ্ত)(1741-1839), better known as Nidhu Babu, is one of the great reformers of Bengali tappā music. Nidhu Babu was born in Kumartuli in northern Calcutta, where he grew up learning Persian and some English. Little is known about his upbringing, but by 1776 he had become a clerk in the office of the Chhapra Collectorate. In Chhapra, Nidhu Babu found a Muslim ustad to train him in the techniques of a formal gharana, or school of musical thought. However, he soon became fed up with his method of teaching, and decided to independently translate Hindi music into Bengali. In 1794, Nidhu Babu left his job in Chhapra and returned to Calcutta with a savings of ten thousand rupees. In 1805-06, Nidhu Babu organized an akhrai troupe, an akhra being a fraternal society for studying and practicing classical Indian music. It was
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