Satyajit Ray (Bengali: সত্যজিত রায় or সত্যজিৎ রায় Shottojit Rae (help·info)) (2 May 1921–23 April 1992) was an Indian Bengali filmmaker. Ray is regarded as one of the greatest auteurs of 20th century cinema and the last of the Bengal Renaissance movement which had started at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He was born in the city of Calcutta (now Kolkata) into a Bengali family prominent in the world of arts and letters. Starting his career as a commercial artist, Ray was drawn into independent filmmaking after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir and viewing the Italian neorealist film Bicycle Thieves during a visit to London. Ray directed thirty-seven films, including feature films, documentaries and shorts. He was also a fiction writer, publisher, illustrator, graphic designer and film critic. Ray\s first film, Pather
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