The nation remembers its first female Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi on her 33rd death anniversary. On 31st October 1984, Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her own bodyguards. She was the daughter of the first Prime Minister of the country, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and was a well-known leader all over the world. Indira Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917.
The renowned leader was assassinated in the same year she had launched 'Operation Blue Star' to crush secessionist movement in Punjab and sent troops to storm the Harmandir Sahib or Golden Temple of Amritsar. She is remembered for her leadership and for introducing the Green Revolution in India. When the British left India in 1947, India continued to be haunted by memories of the Bengal Famine. It was therefore natural that food security was one of the main items on free India's agenda. This awareness led to the Green Revolution in India.
The death anniversary of the iron lady of India is shared by the birth anniversary of the iron man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Indira’s strong academic background helped her hold various key positions. Mrs Gandhi had many achievements to her name including the Bharat Ratna award. She was the Chairperson of the National Integration Council of A.I.C.C. and the President of the All India Youth Congress in1956. She became the President of Indian National Congress (INC) in 1959 and served till 1960 and then again from January 1978.
Indira Gandhi was widely criticised for declaring the historic moment of Emergency in India in 1975 for a period of 21 months. This period was often referred to as the 'dark age of independent India.' The Emergency largely affected the freedom of press in the country.
Narendra Modi also paid tribute to the former PM Indira Gandhi in a tweet.
Every year, leaders across the country remember Mrs Gandhi on her death anniversary. Many gather to pay floral tribute at Shakti Sthal, the memorial of Indira Gandhi.
Tributes to former PM Mrs. Indira Gandhi on her death anniversary.
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) October 31, 2017